学术论文

      Large-Sample Learning of Bayesian Networks is NP-Hard

      In this paper, we provide new complexity results for algorithms that learn discrete-variable Bayesian networks from data. Our results apply whenever the learning algorithm uses a scoring criterion that favors the simplest model able to represent the generative distribution exactly. Our results therefore hold whenever the learning algorithm uses a consistent scoring criterion and is applied to a sufficiently large dataset. We show that identifying high-scoring structures is hard, even when we are given an independence oracle, an inference oracle, and/or an information oracle. Our negative results also apply to the learning of discrete-variable Bayesian networks in which each node has at most k parents, for all k > 3.
      作者: Chickering, David Maxwell Meek, Christopher Heckerman, David
      年,卷(期): 2012,