为研究高铌高磷GH4169C高温合金在高温长期时效过程中的组织稳定性,通过场发射扫描电镜和数显布氏硬度计对GH4169和GH4169C两合金分别经600、650、704及720℃时效30~10000 h的显微组织和硬度变化进行对比分析。结果表明：在服役温度(650℃)范围内长期时效,GH4169合金和GH4169C合金均表现优异的稳定性；在服役温度以上长期时效, GH4169合金和GH4169C合金稳定性较差,短时间内,合金组织就出现失稳。对比而言,704℃时GH4169C合金组织稳定性较GH4169合金高,而720℃时GH4169C合金组织稳定性劣于GH4169合金。分析认为,GH4169C合金由于提高Nb含量和P含量使的γ＇相稳定性增加,得以在服役温度以上(704℃)表现比GH4169合金更为优异的组织稳定性,但Nb含量的提高也引起啄相含量的增加,导致组织稳定性下降。在超高温(720℃)下,GH4169C 合金稳定性劣于 GH4169合金。由此推知,相比GH4169合金,改型GH4169C合金在使用温度上有所提高,但提高有限,在超高温下,其稳定性反而降低。
To study the microstructural stability of GH4169C alloy with high content of phosphorus and niobium, the microstruc-ture and hardness of GH4169C alloy and GH4169 alloy after long time aging were comparatively analyzed in this paper. These two su-peralloys were subjected to aging treatment at 600, 650, 704 and 720℃ for different times from 30 h to 10000 h. The microstructural evolution of the alloys was characterized by using a field emission scanning electron microscope and a Brinell hardness tester. The re-sults indicate that, at the service temperature of 650℃, GH4169 alloy and GH4169C alloy show excellent structure stability. Howev-er, above the service temperature, GH4169 alloy and GH4169C alloy have poor structure stability. In a short period of time, the two alloys lose stability. In contrast, the microstructure stability of GH4169C alloy is higher than that of GH4169 alloy with aging at 704℃, while GH4169C alloy shows a lower stability compared with GH4169 alloy at 720℃. It is thought that the stability of γ'phase in GH4169C alloy increases with increasing Nb and P contents. GH4169C alloy shows a better microstructure stability than GH4169 alloy at 704℃. However, the content of δphase will also increase with increasing Nb content, leading to the decrease in microstructure sta-bility of GH4169C alloy. At ultrahigh temperature (720℃), the microstructure stability of GH4169C alloy is inferior to GH4169 al-loy. This means that, compared with GH4169 alloy, the modified GH4169C alloy can be used in a higher temperature, whereas the temperature increase is limited, the microstructure stability of GH4169C alloy will decrease at ultrahigh temperature.