学术论文

      绿色电化学法合成金属有机骨架材料的研究现状

      A Methodological Review on Green Electrochemical Synthesis of Metal-Organic Framework Materials

      摘要:
      金属有机骨架(Metal-organic frameworks,MOFs)材料是一种由金属离子和有机配体通过配位键组装的无机-有机杂化配合物,在气体分离与储存、吸附、催化、载药以及荧光检测等方面都有广泛应用.在诸多合成 MOFs 材料的方法中,绿色电化学合成法因能耗低、反应条件温和以及反应时间短等特点而成为研究的热点,但目前该方法仍有许多关键问题亟待解决.本文总结了绿色电化学合成 MOFs材料近10年的研究进展,综述了包括阳极合成、阴极合成、间接合成、电镀置换等在内的多种合成方法,并展望了未来的发展前景.
      Abstract:
      Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs)are a kind of inorganic-organic hybrid complexes assembled by the coordinate bonding of metal ions and organic ligands,and have found wide application in gas separation and storage,adsorption,catalysis,drug delivery and fluorescence detection,etc.Amongst the rich variety of methods to synthesize MOFs,the green electrochemical synthe-sis has become a hot topic owing to its low energy consumption,mild reaction condition and short reaction time,nevertheless it still faces some key issues.This paper renders a retrospection over the research upon green electrochemical synthesis of MOFs during the past decade,along with a summary of the relevant prevailing methods,including anodic synthesis,cathodic synthesis,indirect syn-thesis and galvanic displacement.It also contains a prospective outlook for the future research.
      Author: WEI Jinzhi WANG Xueliang SUN Xiaojun ZHANG Fengming
      作者单位: 哈尔滨理工大学化学与环境工程学院,哈尔滨,150080
      刊 名: 材料导报 ISTICEIPKU
      Journal: Materials Review
      年,卷(期): 2018, 32(9)
      分类号: O782+.9
      在线出版日期: 2018年6月12日
      基金项目: 国家自然科学基金,黑龙江省自然科学基金面上项目