学术论文

      复杂性科学与高等工程教育的融合

      Integrating Complex Science into Higher Engineering Education

      摘要:
      通过对重庆某高校422名工科学生的问卷调查和 SPSS 数据统计分析,探讨了复杂性科学与当前高等工程教育融合的程度以及学生的期望程度,对比了美国和澳大利亚的相关研究结果。研究发现:我国的工程教育在数学、物理和工程方面学生有良好的基础,但科学、技术和人文素质教育还比较薄弱;在跨学科教育和新兴科技知识方面还有明显的欠缺;工科学生有一定的问题解决技能和学习策略,但核心能力培养还有待加强;学生已初步认识到复杂性科学与工程教育融合的重要性和必要性。因此,有必要借鉴复杂性科学的理念与方法,全面改革传统的工程教育模式与课程体系,以主动适应复杂多变的世界。
      Abstract:
      This study investigated whether the complex science was integrated or should be integrated into current undergraduate engineering education from the perspective of the students by a questionnaire and its analysis using SPSS to 422 undergraduate engineering students from a university in Chongqing,and compared the relative studies in the US and Australia. It’s found that:the students lay a good foundation in mathematics,physics and engineering of our engineering education,but the science tech-nology education and the general education for engineering students are still weak;undergraduate engineering education is defi-cient in interdisciplinary education and emerging technology;the students have mastered some problem solving skills and learning strategies,but the comprehensive training of core competencies is not emphasized enough;however,the students have come to re-alize the importance and necessity of incorporating complexity science into engineering education model and the undergraduate’s engineering curriculum. Therefore,there is need for a transformation of traditional engineering education model and a change in the current engineering curriculum,in order to adapt to the complicated and changeable world.
      作者: 周开发 曾玉珍
      Author: ZHOU Kaifa ZENG Yuzhen
      作者单位: 重庆交通大学,重庆,400074
      年,卷(期): 2016, 16(3)
      分类号: G642.0
      机标分类号: G64 G40
      在线出版日期: 2016年7月7日
      基金项目: 教育部人文社会科学研究西部和边疆地区规划基金项目“基于复杂性科学的大学课程与课堂教学变革研究”(13XJA880008);重庆市社会科学规划一般项目“云计算时代高等教育变革研究”(2015YBJY061);重庆市教委教育教学改革重大项目“基于‘四个核心能力’的高等工程教育创新人才培养研究与实践”