学术论文

      通往Ph.D之路:中国博士生入学动机的实证研究--兼论学术动机对博士生培养质量的意义

      Road to Ph.D.:An Empirical Study on Motivations to Pursue the Doctoral Degree

      摘要:
      通过对中国44所高校的1399名博士候选人的问卷调查,分析了他们选择攻读博士学位的动机状况以及未来的职业愿望,并深入探究性别、婚姻状况、本科就读学校以及攻读博士学位方式与入学动机之间的关系。研究结果显示,尽管学生选择攻读博士学位的动机是多样化的,但都十分强调博士学位与未来职业间的紧密关系,试图通过博士学位在未来获得稳定、安全的职业机会。对接受博士教育的本质理解不清晰,缺乏明确的定位和目标,在学术研究上缺乏足够的热情与意愿,影响到学术研究的成果获得与质量状况。因此,大学应通过合理的使命陈述,明确博士生教育的本质和功能,使潜在的博士学位候选人具有更强烈的学术热情和成就意愿,从而提升博士生教育的质量和声望。
      Abstract:
      Based on a survey of 1399 doctoral candidates at 44 universities in China, the paper analyzes the motives of their choice for doctor's degree and future career path and explores the relationship between gender, marital status, undergraduate school, ways of obtaining degree and motivation for Ph.D. studies. The result shows that motivations of students' choice to pursue doctor's degree are diversified. Most of the doctoral candidates put emphasis on the close relationship between doctor's degree and their future career. They expect getting stable and secure career opportunities through doctoral education. However, they do not have a clear understanding of the nature of doctoral education and lack specific orientation or objective, which will negatively influence the outcome and quality of their academic research. It is imperative for universities to clarify the nature and functions of doctoral education via reasonable mission statement in order to invigorate the academic spirit of potential doctoral candidates and enhance their academic achievement.
      作者: 黄海刚 [1] 金夷 [2]
      Author: HUANG Hai-gang [1] JIN Yi [2]
      作者单位: 对外经济贸易大学中国开放经济与国际科技合作战略研究中心,北京,100029 对外经济贸易大学国际商学院,北京,100029
      刊 名: 复旦教育论坛 PKUCSSCI
      年,卷(期): 2016, 14(5)
      机标分类号: G64 G80
      在线出版日期: 2016年11月7日
      基金项目: 北京市哲学社会科学青年项目“北京青年科技创新人才成长机制研究---人才与城市互动的视角”(13JYC019);国家社会科学基金一般项目“创新驱动发展下中国科技人才战略的决策要素、路径选择与政策创新研究”(14BGL003);对外经济贸易大学优秀青年项目(2013YQ11)。