学术论文

      地方政府间策略互动行为、财政支出竞争与地区经济增长

      The Tactical Interaction among Local Governments, their Competition in fiscal Expenditure, and Regional Economic Growth

      摘要:
      本文运用空间计量模型考察我国省级政府在财政支出政策方面的策略互动行为、形成机制及其对经济增长的影响.1986~2006年间,我国地方政府在财政总支出(包括预算内和预算外支出)、各类支出项目(包括经济性、社会性和维持性支出)方面存在显著的策略互动行为,财政竞争机制在其中发挥了重要作用.地方政府预算内支出、经济性和维持性支出竞争不利于地区经济增长,其中经济性支出竞争的抑制作用并不显著,社会性支出竞争对地区经济增长具有显著的促进作用,预算外支出竞争的影响则比较模糊.1994年分税制改革明显改变了地方政府间策略互动行为模式,有效遏制了地区间过度竞争态势,对地区经济增长产生积极促进作用,但同时也过度削弱了地方政府在经济性支出方面的竞争性行为,加剧了经济性支出对地区经济增长的不利影响.
      Abstract:
      By the use of the space-measuring model, we have, in this paper, explored the tactical interaction (TTI), its formation mechanism and its impact on the economic growth, in the aspect of the policy of the fiscal expenditure of China's provincial governments. During the years 1986-2006, there existed obvious TTI in the overall fiscal expenditure of China' s local governments ( including budgetary and extra-budgetary expenditure) and in various kind of expenditures - including economic expenditure (EE), social expenditure and conserving expenditure, and the mechanism of fiscal competition played an important role in TTI. The competition in the above-mentioned three kinds of expenditures of the local governments was not conducive to the regional economic growth: the inhibitory effect of the competition in EE was not noticeable, the competition in social expenditure had obvious effects on regional economic growth, and the impact of the competition in extra-budgetary expenditure was indistinct. The reform of tax distribution system in 1994 apparently changed the model of I'll of the local governments, effectively restraining the extreme competition among regions, promoting the regional economic growth, but unduly weakened the competition in EE among the local governments, and heightening the negative effect of EE on the regional economic growth.
      作者: 郭庆旺 贾俊雪
      Author: Guo Qingwang Jia Junxue
      作者单位: 中国人民大学中国财政金融政策研究中心
      刊 名: 管理世界 PKUCSSCI
      Journal: MANAGEMENT WORLD
      年,卷(期): 2009, (10)
      分类号: F2
      机标分类号: F81 F8
      在线出版日期: 2010年3月26日
      基金项目: 国家自然科学基金,教育部哲学社会科学研究重大课题,高等学校全国优秀博士学位论文作者专项基金