学术论文

      Is the small-scale turbulence an exclusive breaking product of oceanic internal waves

      Abstract:
      On the basis of the theoretical research results by the author and the literature published up to date,the analysis and the justification presented in this paper show that the breaking products of oceanic internal waves are not only turbulence,but also the fine-scale near-inertial internal waves (the oceanic reversible finestructure) for inertial waves and the internal solitary waves for internal tides respectively.It was found that the oceanic reversible finestructure may be induced by the effect of the horizontal component f~ (f~ =2Ωcosφ) of the rotation vector on inertial waves.And a new instability of the theoretical shear and strain spectra due to the effect of f~ occurs at critical vertical wavenumberβc ≈0.1 cpm.It happens when the levels of shear and strain of the reversible finestructure are higher than those of inertial waves,which is induced by the effect of f~ along an “iso-potential-pycnal” of internal wave.If all breaking products of internal waves are taken into account,the average kinetic energy dissipation rate is an order of magnitude larger than the values of turbulence observed by microstructure measurements.The author's theoretical research results are basically in agreement with those observed in IWEX,DRIFTER and PATCHEX experiments.An important impersonal fact is that on the mean temporal scale of thermohaline circulation these breaking products of internal waves exist simultaneously with turbulence.Because inertial waves are generated by winds at the surface,and internal tides are generated by strong tide-topography interactions,the analysis and justification in this paper support in principle the abyssal recipes II:energetics of tidal and wind mixing by Munk & Wunsch in 1998,in despite of the results of microstructure measurements for the turbulent kinetic energy dissipation rate and the diapycnal turbulent eddy diffusivity.
      Author: FAN Zhisong
      作者单位: College of Physical and Environmental Oceanography, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100,China
      年,卷(期): 2011, 30(6)
      分类号: P731.2
      机标分类号: TV1 P7
      在线出版日期: 2012年3月19日
      基金项目: The Key Program of National Natural Science Foundation of China