According to the nature of ownership of special shareholders in Chinese enterprises, based on the re-source dependence theory, this paper focuses on the impact of board human capital (directors' international expe-rience, director' financial background) and board social capital (interlocking director, directors' political connection) on enterprise internationalization strategy as well as the adjusting role of corporate ownership property. We test our hypotheses on a sample of listed Chinese manufacturing companies in 2008-2016, the results show that direc-tors' international experience and interlocking director are positively and significantly related to firm internationaliza-tion strategy. Directors' financial background and political connection are negatively and significantly related to firm internationalization strategy. After further distinguishing corporate ownership property, we found that:com-pared to non-state-owned enterprises, the impact of directors' international experience, directors' financial back-ground, and directors' political connection on enterprise internationalization strategy will be weakened in state-owned enterprises. But contrary to the theoretical hypothesis, this paper found that, compared to non-state-owned enterprises, the impact of interlocking director on enterprise internationalization strategy will be strengthened in state-owned enterprises.