学术论文

      Risk of Cardiovascular Disease Due to Chronic Hepatitis C Infection: A Review

      Abstract:
      Hepatitis C (HCV) infection has an estimated global prevalence of 2.5%,causing chronic liver disease in 170 million people worldwide.Recent data has identified HCV infection as a risk factor for subclinical and clinical cardiovascular disease (CVD),but these data have been mixed and whether HCV is an independent risk factor for development of CVD remains controversial.In this review,we present the literature regarding the association of HCV with subclinical and clinical CVD and the possible underlying mechanisms leading to increased CVD among those infected with HCV.HCV infection leads to increased CVD via direct and indirect mechanisms with chronic inflammation,endothelial dysfunction and direct invasion of the arterial wall cited as possible mechanisms.Our review showed that HCV infection,particularly chronic HCV infection,appears to lead to increased subclinical CVD most consistently and potentially also to increased clinical CVD outcomes,leading to increased morbidity and mortality.Furthermore,the majority of studies evaluating the impact of HCV therapy on CVD morbidity and mortality showed an improvement in subclinical and clinical CVD endpoints in patients who were successfully treated and achieved sustained viral suppression.These results are of particular interest following the development of new direct antiviral agents which have made HCV eradication simple and feasible for many more patients globally,and in doing so may possibly reduce CVD morbidity and mortality in those with chronic HCV infection.
      Author: Ahmed Babiker [1] Jean Jeudy [2] Seth Kligerman [2] Miriam Khambaty [3] Anoop Shah [4] Shashwatee Bagchi [3]
      作者单位: Providence Hospital, Washington, DC, USA Department of Radiology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA Division of Infectious Diseases, University of Maryland School of Medicine,Baltimore, MD, USA;Institute of Human Virology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA Division of Cardiology, University of Edinburgh,Little France, Edinburgh
      年,卷(期): 2017, 5(4)
      在线出版日期: 2017年12月18日