There are two defects in the construction of a clean and honest administration, one of which is to work for appearance sake and cannot inspire the mass and the other of which is rooted in the stories of ancient governors. The so-lution lies in historical and cultural resources, which can be the memories of the whole nation and can produce resonance with the social context. Lu Xun’s ideology is one of the typical representatives. Lu Xun criticized the deeply-rooted de-fects in Chinese people, which can help us realize the endurance, complexity and toughness of the construction of a clean and honest administration and overcome the anxiety for quick successes and instant benefits. He also stood firmly to culti-vate people, which can be learned to foster the awareness of citizens and democracy. Meanwhile, he persisted in his struggle against then society, which can be used as a weapon against corruption. Therefore, it is of great benefits and ad-vantages to inherit and promote Lu Xun’s ideology in the construction of a clean and honest administration.