In China the Ecological environment regulatory regime, with the feature that laterally a combination of unifi ed supervision and management and division of the responsibility, while, longitudinally a hierarchical supervision and management of the central and the local, adapts to the level of our economic and social development. However, there are some issues, such as cross-functional dispersion, the lack of effective coordination, implementation constraints, social and market participants, and the weak longitudinal supervision, which lead to an incomplete multi-party environmental governance system. The foreign environmental regulatory regime has three representative characteristics—functions tend to be independent and comprehensive, environmental protection and other adjacent portion regulatory functions go to merge, environmental preservation functions tend to disperse. The trends refl ect the strengthened authority, combining centralization and decentralization, and emphasis on coordination and cooperation. Ecological environment supervision regime reform in China, can empower environmental protection departments in macro-control, comprehensive coordination, supervision and law enforcement, also public service functions. What’s more, we can strengthen environmental supervision and management capacity at the national level, to guarantee the implementation of environmental responsibility at the provincial level. It is necessary to restore the national and local environmental protection committee and its office, in order to establish unified supervision and management mechanisms of natural resource conservation, ecological protection and pollution prevention and control. The institute will clear unified supervision and management responsibilities of local environmental protection departments at all levels, with the establishment of unified supervision and management institutions within the office. It can also help to optimize related fields’ natural resources, ecological protection and pollution prevention regulatory regime and mechanisms, by specifying the dereliction of duty and accountability mechanisms of specialized and comprehensive regulatory and so on.