学术论文

      农地产权强度对农业生产要素配置的影响

      The impacts of land tenure intensity on distribution of agricultural factors

      摘要:
      以往关于农地产权影响农业生产要素配置的研究大多借助农地产权稳定性或安全性概念,忽视了农地产权实施的层次性及其对农户行为规范的建构性.借助农地产权强度的理论概念不仅可以剖析国家赋权和社会认同对农业生产要素配置的影响,还可以考察二者作用的主体性差异.为此,本文阐述了国家赋权和社会认同对农业生产要素配置的影响,以及农地产权实施绩效对主体行为能力的依附性.在此基础上,分别采用未引入和引入交叉项的Double Hurdle模型和OLS模型,利用全国9省(区)2 704户农户调查数据,分析了农地产权强度对农业生产要素配置的影响.理论分析表明,农地产权强度可区分为国家赋权、社会认同和行为能力,国家赋权和社会认同因农地要素和劳动力要素的属性差异对农业生产要素配置存在差异化影响,行为能力则发挥着重要的调节作用.经验分析结果发现,国家赋权会抑制农地转出和农村劳动力的非农转移,并对行为能力较强的农户具有更为显著的影响.相反,社会认同总体上对农地转出无显著影响,但会抑制行为能力较强的农户转出农地,并激励行为能力较弱的农户转出农地.由此可见,国家赋权与社会认同在配置农地要素上的效果趋同,但非农就业市场的政策主导决定了农村劳动力非农转移更多地受国家赋权的影响.
      Abstract:
      Previous research about the impacts of land tenure on distribution of agricultural factors was mostly based on the concept of land tenure stability or security,which ignores the implementation of land tenure and its construction to households' behavior norms.The theoretical concept of land tenure intensity can not only analyze the impacts of state empowerment and social identification on the distribution of agricultural factors,but also examine the subjective differences of the two roles.This paper first elaborated the impacts of state empowerment and social identification on the distribution of agricultural factors,as well as the dependence of implementing performance of land tenure on subject behavioral competence.On the basis,the Double Hurdle model and the OLS model which did not introduce or introduced cross items were used respectively to analyze the impacts of land tenure intensity on the distribution of agricultural factors through 2 704 household survey data collected in 9 provinces.The land tenure intensity can be divided into state empowerment,social identification and behavioral capacity,and the state empowerment,and social identification have different impacts on the distribution of agricultural production factors,while the ability is to play an important regulatory role.The empirical results show that the state empowerment will inhibit land transfer and the rural labors' migration and have more significant impacts on the farmers with stronger behavior capability.On the contrary,social identification does not exert significant impacts on land transfer,but will inhibit the farmers with strong behavior capability to rent out land and encourage the farmers with weak ability to rent out farmland.Thus,the impacts of state empowerment and social identity on the distribution of agricultural factors are similar,but the non agricultural employment policy results in that the rural labors' migration will be more affected by state empowerment.
      作者: 仇童伟 罗必良
      Author: QIU Tong-wei LUO Bi-liang
      作者单位: 华南农业大学国家农业制度与发展研究院,广东广州510642;华南农业大学经济管理学院,广东广州510642
      刊 名: 中国人口·资源与环境 ISTICPKUCSSCI
      年,卷(期): 2018, 28(1)
      分类号: F321.1 F062.6
      在线出版日期: 2018年4月28日
      基金项目: 国家自然科学基金重点项目“农村土地与相关要素市场培育与改革研究”,教育部创新团队发展计划“中国农村基本经营制度”