学术论文

      幼儿园儿童预防性侵犯知识和技能调查研究

      Knowledge and skills of child sexual abuse prevention amongchildren in kindergarten

      摘要:
      目的:了解幼儿园儿童预防性侵犯知识和技能状况.方法:本调查对象来自同意参加这项研究的2所幼儿园中的240名3~5岁儿童.其中女孩123人,占51.3%.采用一对一儿童访谈方式进行调查.结果:仅有42.1%的幼儿知道“想要摸小孩隐私部位的人并不都是陌生的人”;17.9%的幼儿认为“小孩应该报告隐私部位被人接触这种秘密”.幼儿预防性侵犯技能得分也较低.结论:幼儿缺少预防性侵犯知识和技能,要重视幼儿预防性侵犯教育工作.
      Abstract:
      Objectives:To examine the level of knowledge and skills of child sexual abuse (CSA) prevention among young children in the kindergarten.Methods:240 children from 2 kindergartens were interviewed face to face.Among 240 children,there were 123 girls,accounting for 51.3%.Results:Only 42.1% of children knew that strangers were not the only perpetrators who wanted to touch their genitals and 17.9% thought that children should report when their genitals were touched.The children's scores of CSA prevention skills were low.Conclusion:Preschoolers were lack of knowledge and skills of CSA prevention.More attention should be paid to CSA prevention education of young children.
      Author: CHEN Jingqi ZHANG Wenjing YU Buyi FENG Yanan LI Jingyi ZHAO Xiaoxia
      作者单位: 北京大学医学部公共卫生学院儿童青少年卫生研究所,北京,100191
      刊 名: 中国性科学 ISTIC
      年,卷(期): 2017, 26(11)
      分类号: G479
      在线出版日期: 2017年12月22日
      基金项目: 教育部人文社会科学研究规划基金项目