学术论文

      多形式健康教育提高青少年性知识的效果观察

      Effect of multiple forms of health education in improving adolescent sexual knowledge

      摘要:
      目的:探讨多形式健康教育提高青少年性知识的效果.方法:选取本辖区青少年400例为观察组,另选400例青少年为对照组,观察组实施多形式健康教育,对照组接受常规健康教育,对两组青少年的性知识情况、紧急避孕知识进行观察.结果:教育前,两组青少年的性知识了解程度无明显差异(P>0.05),观察组青少年经教育后的性知识了解程度明显高于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);两组青少年教育前的紧急避孕知识知晓率无明显差异(P>0.05),观察组教育后的知晓率显著较对照组高,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论:多形式健康教育能提高青少年的性知识了解程度,也能提高青少年对紧急避孕知识的知晓率,对降低青少年非意愿妊娠、性传播疾病发生率具有显著作用,值得临床推广.
      Abstract:
      Objectives:To probe into the effects of multiple forms of health education in improving adolescent sexual knowledge.Methods:400 teenagers in this area were selected as observation group,and another 400teenagers were as control group.The observation group received multiple forms of health education,while control group received routine health education.Then,the sexual knowledge and emergency contraception knowledge of two groups were observed.Result:Before education,there was no significant difference in the degree of sexual knowledge between the two groups (P > 0.05).After education,the degree of sexual knowledge of teenagers in observation group was significantly higher than that of control group,and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05);There was no significant difference in the awareness rate of emergency contraception knowledge between two groups (P < 0.05) before education.The awareness rate in observation group after education was significantly high-er than that of control group,and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05).Conclusion:The multiple forms of health education can improve the level of sexual knowledge and the awareness of emergency contraception knowledge of teenager.It has a significant effect on reducing the incidence of unwanted pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases,thus worthy to be applied in the clinical.
      Author: LIAO Huixia MA Jian ZHU Danling LI Xiaoping HUANG Min
      作者单位: 深圳市福田区妇幼保健院妇保科,广东深圳,518000
      刊 名: 中国性科学 ISTIC
      年,卷(期): 2017, 26(11)
      分类号: G479
      在线出版日期: 2017年12月22日
      基金项目: 2016年深圳市福田区卫生公益性科研项目