Objective To get to know the levels and distribution characteristics of total cholesterol (TC) and triglyceride (TG) in people group in the Zhungeer area of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, and provide the evidence for preventing and treating the diseases related to abnormal blood fat. Methods By using age stratification, the residents with physical examinations in the Zhungeer area were divided into 18-25 group, 26-34 group, 35-44 group, 45-54 group, 55-64 group and over 65 group according to their age and gender. The change characteristics and sex difference of TC and TG were analyzed. Results There were totally 31 613 cases over 18 years old (male 12 833 and female 18 780). The incidence of hypertriglyceridemia was 20.21%in the male and 18.35%in the female, and that of hypercholesterolemia was 27.97%in the male and 23.31%in the female. Compared with the female, the incidences of hypercholesterolemia and hypertriglyceridemia increased significantly in 18-25 group and 26-34 group in the male. The incidences of hypercholesterolemia and hypertriglyceridemia in the female had an increasing trend with aging in 18-25 group and 55-64 group. The incidence of hypercholesterolemia in the male had a decreasing trend after 34 years old but it was still over 20%. Conclusion The percentage of hypercholesterolemia and hypertriglyceridemia is higher in the people group in the Zhungeer area, and the people with abnormal blood fat are trending younger.