Objective To review the reporting quality of randomized controlled trials (RCT) of cardiovascular diseases.Methods Comparing the checklists of 3 versions of Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) Statement (1996, 2001 and 2010), and all itmes were weighed according to these items enclosed status in all CONSORT versions. The databases of CNKI, WanFang Database and PubMed were retrieved with computer for collecting RCT of cardiovascular diseases from 1997 according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. The reporting quality of the RCT was analyzed and reviewed.Results There were totally 368 RCT enclosed and mean quality score was 41.02. The mean score of items in random method was only 1.07 (10 point system), and some non-standard problems were found in item postions and content. There was significant difference in mean weighed score of RCT reporting quality at layed-subset-whether RCT reports published by journals of China Medicial Association (CMA) or not (P<0.000).Conclusion The reporting quality of RCT of cardiovascular diseases is at medium level or lower. There is a larger space of improving RCT reporting quality.