学术论文

      防己的药理作用及临床应用研究进展

      Research progress on pharmacological action and clinical application of Stephania Tetrandrae Radix

      摘要:
      防己,又名粉防己、汉防己,是我国传统常用中药之一,味苦、辛,性寒,具有祛风湿、止痹痛、利水消肿等功效,中医主要用于治疗风湿痹证、水肿、小便不利、脚气肿痛、湿疮肿毒等.防己的主要成分为双苄基异喹啉类生物碱,包括粉防己碱、防己诺林碱等,现代药理学研究发现防己及其主要成分在抗炎、抗病原微生物、抗肿瘤、抗高血压、抗心律失常、抗心肌缺血、抗纤维化、抗矽肺、抑制瘢痕等方面均具有广泛的药理活性,应用前景广阔.临床上常将防己与其他中药组方配伍应用,主要用于治疗类风湿关节炎、心血管疾病、肿瘤、高血压、肝腹水等疾病,取得较好疗效;常用的代表方剂有防己茯苓汤、防己黄芪汤、己椒苈黄丸、宣痹汤、复方汉防己颗粒等.该文对防己的药理作用及临床应用进行了综述,为中药防己的进一步开发利用提供参考.
      Abstract:
      Stephania Tetrandrae Radix is one of the common traditional Chinese medicines,which has bitter and pungent taste as well as cold properties.It can subside edema,get rid of rheumatism and relieve pain.Therefore,it is mainly used for the treatment of rheumatism arthralgia,edema,dysuria,athlete's foot,swollen wet sores and other diseases in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM).Stephania Tetrandrae Radix is mainly composed of dual-benzyl isoquinoline alkaloids,including tetrandrine,fangchinoline and so on.Modern pharmacology research shows that Stephania Tetrandrae Radix and its main components have a wide range of pharmacological activities in the anti-inflammatory,anti-pathogenic microorganisms,anti-tumor,anti-hypertensive,anti-arrhythmic,anti-myocardial ischemia,anti-fibrosis,anti-silicosis,inhibiting scar and other aspects,with broad application prospect.Stephania Tetrandrae Radix is often applied with compatibility of other Chinese medicines in clinically,and has achieved obvious effects in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis,cardiovascular disease,cancer,hypertension,liver ascites and other diseases.There are some representative prescriptions,such as Fangji Fuling decoction,Fangji huangqi decoction,Jijiao Lizhuang pill,Xuanbi decoction,and compound Hanfangji granule.In this paper,the pharmacological effects and clinical applications of Stephania Tetrandrae Radix in the past ten years were reviewed,providing reference for its further development and application.
      Author: WANG Rong MA Teng-mao LIU Fei GAO Hui-qin
      作者单位: 甘肃中医药大学,甘肃兰州,730000
      刊 名: 中国中药杂志 ISTICPKU
      年,卷(期): 2017, 42(4)
      在线出版日期: 2017年5月8日
      基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目