Fast-growing poplar wood was modified with low-molecule phenol-formadehyde resin (PF) and ammoniacal copper quaternary (ACQ-D) ,and by employing vacuum-pressure impregnating treatment. Mechanical performance of untreated and modified wood specimen (untreated wood, enhanced modified wood, anticorrosion modified wood and enhanced anticorrosion modified wood)were tested, and adhesive strength between any two kinds of specimen were compared. The results show that the preservative treatment slightly affects mechanical performance, and the mechanical performance of the specimen modified with PF is improved significantly. Moreover, modified specimen with PF could be used as E-level structural materials according to Japanese JAS standard.Compared with untreated specimen, MOE, MOR, longitudinal compressive strength and longitudinal tensile strength of the specimen modified with PF could increase 97.11, 83. 36, 125. 53 and 37. 01 % separately. Corresponding index values of the specimen modified with ACQ-D and PF are 101. 34, 75. 05, 111. 83 and 32. 60 % respectively. After enhanced modified wood with PF is glued to other materials, compressive shear glue strength of the glued specimen exceeds 11 MPa, and the wood failure ratio is over 90 % with onecomponent polyurethane resin (PUR) in this experiment, so its gluability could meet the technical regulations of JAS.